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Page with question from mdg6 and space to add your answers

Page history last edited by Sabrina Asta 12 years ago

 

mdg6, Redstone P.S., Canada (teacher Stephanie Ratti) Question:

 

Maternal healthcare and child mortality have a direct correlation.  Explain the connections between a pregnant woman's health and the chances of her child's survival. 

 

Compare and contrast the factors that contribute to maternal health and child mortality rates in each of the countries involved in our circle.  Is there a pattern? 

 

How is child mortality and maternal health affecting today's world and our ability to achieve the UN millennium goals?  What can your country do, as global citizens, to ensure that these goals are met by 2015? 

 

Use the following website to start your research:

 http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/index.shtml

 


Answer from mdg1

 

XXX

 

 

 


Answer from mdg2

 

XXX

 

 

 

 


Answer from mdg3

 

Maternal healthcare and child mortality have a direct correlation. Explain the relation between a pregnant woman’s healthcare and the chances of her child’s survival

  1. The lifestyle that the expectant woman lives eg when an expectant woman takes drugs, this might affect the child in that a still birth may occur unlike when she lives a responsible life.
  2. When she is not well physically handled, e.g.  Performing heavy chores or being beaten up, the child might develop some deformities.
  3. Balanced diet is also essential e.g. when an expectant mother takes a lot of fatty foods the foetus will overgrow in the womb hence will cause the woman to under go caesarian delivery which can cause the death of the foetus or both the mother and the child may succumb to it.

 

Compare and contrast factors that contribute to maternal health and child mortality rates in each of the countries involved in our circle. Is there a pattern?

There are many factors that lead to maternal healthcare and child mortality are:

Respiratory diseases

The main cause of the above is pneumonia in most of the countries and is claiming many lives in the world

Mother’s educational attainment

The level at which the mother is educated is essential to both the mother and also the child. If the mother is illiterate on matters concerning her and the child, this will consequently affect both of them or one of the of which both are risking their lives.

Poor sanitation

The cleanliness of the mother will either directly or indirectly affect the child. When the mother is expectant, this is a very sensitive period and the cleanliness of the mother counts both to her and her child. If the mother is not clean, this will affect the baby and more worse may lead to still birth.

Water supply

An expectant mother needs water both for her and the child. Lack of water risks the life of them both. Unlike other countries in the circle has inadequate water in the rural areas and suffers a high mortality rate.

Poverty

The countries that are less developed have a high rate of the child mortality rate because the country lack funds for the sanitation of the hospitals and the environment at large. Not all the countries are fully developed because there are the rural regions which are not fully developed and hence the health of the mother and the child is at risk.

Inadequate food supplies

Since the baby and the mother both need food, it becomes an essential factor in their lives and when they face starvation, the hell breaks loose. In our circle, foods supplies may not reach other regions or because there may not be fertile soils, people may lack the food and hence starve and give up to it

 

SUMMARY OF CAUSES OF CHILD MORTALITY IN OUR CIRCLE

the main causes of infant and child deaths are more or less the same in most countries. These have been identified as infections, protein-calorie malnutrition, and birth trauma.

The infections include neonatal tetanus, diarrhea, respiratory infections, measles, and malaria. In Kenya it has been found that respiratory infections, especially pneumonia, are the main cause of death among infants and children. Rotavirus has been isolated in at least 30% of young children admitted to the pediatric ward of Kenyatta National Hospital for acute diarrhea .In the Machakos longitudinal study in Kenya, it has been found that diarrhea plays a role in the measles syndrome. Diarrhea has been found to be a concomitant symptom in 50% of the measles cases. Protein-calorie malnutrition has been identified as the major secondary or underlying cause of death. This is supported by the fact that in Kenya, respiratory deaths among children are frequently associated with malnutrition and with other infectious diseases. Mondot-Bernard (1977) has found that in this part of the world, children suffer from kwashiorkor (malnutrition in children due to diets lacking adequate proteins) between 18 months and 3 years, the time when they are weaned and given more solid food.

Neonatal deaths (deaths to children less than one month of age) tend to be dominated by factors related to the birth process or congenital phenomena, but as the child grows older, exogenous factors take over and play a bigger role. Conditions which exacerbate the above causes of death include low birth weight, poor sanitation and water supply, poverty, inadequate food supplies, lack of education and information and inadequate health care. 

 

How maternal health and child mortality affecting today is’s world and our ability to achieve the U.N millennium goals. What can your country do as global citizens, to ensure that these goals are met by 2015?

The above affect the millennium development goals in that, instead of the world concentrating on the other millennium development goals, it pays much of the attention on improving maternal health and child mortality and hence slowing down the rate of international development hence dragging all the other goals behind.

 

Kenya can and has started to do more to cut down at the rate of child mortality and unimproved maternal health. Some of the contributions are:

Construction of hospitals 

The government ha opened hospitals in the rural parts of the country so that all the citizens can get accessed to improved medical services and avoid the high rate of child mortality

Lower cost at birth delivery

To ensure that all expectant mothers successfully give birth, the country has decided to cut down at the cost at which the expectant mothers pay in order to give birth or deliver safely and avoid risks losing lives.

Improved environment

Since sanity is essential to an expectant mother, and the government has seen the sense of it, it has decided to improve the environment by clearing garbage. An example is river Nairobi that has been cleaned in order to keep the environment. Also, people at large have decided to campaign in keeping the environment clean. This has been done to schools and in the rural areas. By accoutering the millennium development goal: environmental sustainability is one way of ensuring that this goal is achieved by 2015. This can also be done by taking part in global programs that aim at ensuring that these goals are achieved by 2015 like: campaign for maternal health and child mortality

 

mdg3, Kenya, Chavakali High School


Answer from mdg4

 

Child_mortality.pdf

 


Answer from mdg5

Maternal health and child mortality has a big effect on the world and is a millennium development goal that has had many issues through the years.  A parliamentary committee says of all Millennium Development Goals set by the United Nations the aim of reducing maternal mortality has seen least progress. Even though the health care in most countries are at better standards, there are still a lot of problems with the growing and the survival of the newborn .Other factors that affect maternal health and child mortality are genetic chain reactions and complications during pregnancy. The children of mothers who die during pregnancy have a much greater chance of dying in their first year than of those whose mothers remain alive. Even though by this rate, achieving the goal of having better maternal health care is unlikely by 2015, we believe that countries with better resources could help other countries by sending doctors, money and medication to those in need so that this goal might be achieved eventually.

 

 

 

 

 


Answer from mdg7

 

Hello  

 

  A pregnant woman must be very cared because if she isn`t cared that will affect the baby and the child wouldn`t survive or  may be born with malformations that isn`t a good chance for him and for his mother

 

 

 In Romania the child mortality is at level double that of the European Union. The causes for this situation are the population poverty, the precarious health system and the missing informations of the mothers. In the EU the rate of child mortality is 4,9 children per 1.000, while in Romania the report is almost double, 10 children per thousand newborns, according to Romania Libera. A program of the organizations “ Save The Children” is trying to reduce the child mortality by informing the populations in rural areas. My country can help the pregnant woman`s by giving our doctors betters conditions of work and like this they wil not live the country any more for finding a better life abroad.

 

 

 


Answer from mdg8

 

XXX

 

 

 

 


Answer from mdg9

 

GTP Report Maternal.docx

 

GTP Report Maternal 2.docx

 

 

 

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